Man and the Machine!

But we should not forget one thing, humans are the ones who are creating an AI system!

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I read about a flight that was required to land in the Hudson River in New York. US Airways Flight 1549 was an Airbus A320-214 which, in the climb out after takeoff from New York City’s LaGuardia Airport on January 15, 2009, struck a flock of Canadian geese, just northeast of the George Washington Bridge and consequently, lost all engine power. Unable to reach an airport, pilots Chesley Sullenberger and Jeffrey Skiles glided the plane to a ditching in the Hudson River off Midtown Manhattan. All 155 people aboard were rescued by nearby boats and there were few serious injuries.

This is the animation video of the incident. While reading about the incident and after watching the video and the video clip from the movie Sully (2016), questions came to my mind how far can a machine (based on AI- Artificial Intelligence-) take over human jobs and are they good enough to interpret the tricky situations. In this case, the incident occurred at the height of 2800 feet which is considered very low to handle such incidents. The pilots showed fantastic skills and managed to land in the Hudson River in very chilly conditions.

When various parameters were analyzed by different agencies, they used data from the black box and created simulations based on the data retrieved. Initially, they concluded that there may have been a pilot error because the auto simulations proved that the pilots should have acted differently and could have landed on either of the two airports which were in the vicinity. Both these airports had cleared the flight for emergency landing. But the pilot declared that he could not make it to the airports. Then data was loaded on simulators and two pilots “flew” the aeroplane, based on data captured. About 13 such pairs “flew” the plane on the simulator. Seven pairs could not reach the airport.

But when the pilot Sully was being interviewed, he said that he did not agree with the findings because the findings were applied to the situation, immediately instructed the pilot to turn towards the airport. But when the actual bird hits happened, the pilots were stunned and by rough estimate did not react for 35 seconds. The plane ultimately landed in the river 218 seconds after the bird hit. Out of this, 218 seconds 35 seconds were lost in the pilots recovering from the shock. Another important aspect was that the procedure stipulated by the plane manufacturer Airbus had written it with the assumption that the flying height would be 33000 feet at such times. At this height, humans have enough time to react. But at 2800 feet height, time left to react was less than four minutes before either landing or crashing. When 35 seconds of “no action”  time were considered in the simulation tests, the results matched with the pilots’ actions in deciding that not enough time was left for them to go back to any of the airports. Both pilots were honoured by many authorities for their heroic efforts which saved all 155 lives. See this interesting clip below, from the Movie “Sully” based on the incident with Tom Hank in the lead road.

Now the question comes to mind who is better Man or Machine? Would machine have required 35 seconds of reaction time? Maybe no. But unless this real-life situation was available in the database for the AI system, how would a machine have reacted? The pilot could see that there was the river Hudson around, which he thought would have become a spot for “soft landing”. At any other place in New York or New Jersey, the aeroplane would have simply crashed into buildings and maybe exploded. Would an AI system have known at the time of the incident, the option for a soft landing? Another question that comes to mind is how many combinations would be required to be present in AI database, for the system to understand that combination of 2800 feet height, time remaining of (218-35=) 183 seconds, wide enough river Hudson being around and there were no taller buildings in the path etc, etc. By analyzing hundreds of such options, the AI system would have arrived at a conclusion, what would be the “safest” option to save lives and the aircraft. At least in this case, with the current level of technology, the human decision was a superior decision.

The way humans react, their mind thinks out of the box! AI system decides only based on what data is available with it. The human mind applies its thoughts and extrapolates to arrive at the correct conclusion. It automatically does the risk analysis and tries to take the best possible decision under the circumstances. How far AI systems will be able to extrapolate, it is difficult for us to judge. 50 years hence, who knows?

I will share another example from the Aviation field. The incident is known as “Gimli Glider”, this happened in 1983 and the plane was Boeing 767 used by Air Canada. There were series of errors in the measurement of fuel, manual, gauges, dip stick, at every stage. There was a transition going on from the FPS system to MKS system in Canada at that time. One thing led to another ending in the incident. See the link below.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gimli_Glider

Incident is too technical to be explained here. But the end result was all the fuel tanks were suddenly empty, half way to the destination. We can say that all these errors and complications probably could have been avoided by AI. Yes and no both because AI stuff takes time to “learn everything”! After many such incidents, AI would become “an expert” in this area. But what happened later is where human intervention will show us the limitations of AI over human intelligence. When the pilots felt some issue, they decided to do an emergency landing at Winnipeg. But when they realized that there was zero fuel, the copilot and the pilot started thinking fast. The pilot was a gliding expert and he calculated that the plane could glide 16 times the height at which the plane was flying. The copilot was from that area, and he had worked on a Royal Canadian Air Force Station in the area. He judged the parameters and decided to land at that Ex-air force station at Gimli. Only problem was that both the pilots and air traffic controllers were not aware that the station had become a racing track. But it was only because of the knowledge of the pilots and the way they applied it sensibly, the plane ultimately landed safely with no major injuries to anyone on the flight as well as on ground.

This brings out the same question, AI or Humans who are better? This discussion is going to go on forever but AI systems will become better and better but nobody really knows what is stored in the Human brain and what the humans will retrieve from their brain, is going to be really difficult to judge. But we should not forget one thing, humans are the ones who are creating an AI system!

I read somewhere about the movie Sully! The copilot  Skiles is asked in the end what you would have done differently if the same incident were to occur! He smiles and says, “I would make sure that we landed in Hudson River in July and not as we did in January!”

Chalo Ek Bar Phir Se अजनबी बन जाये हम दोनो!

Was the wound to his heart that found the word Ajanabii?

This song, is the best song rendered by Mahendra Kapoor, who was known as Mohammad Rafi clone, till then. (I have met him when I was in 9th or 10th grade, he used to play badminton in our club in Mumbai. (silk shorts and all!) The song is from 1963 movie Gumrah directed by legendary B R Chopra.

Sahir Ludhianvi was a poet who came to Bombay, to earn his bread in Bollywood. I don’t know what compromises he might have been required to make for movies but I feel that in some of the songs the poet in him, comes out predominantly. An important trait of Sahir was that he was very forthright in what he wanted to say, sometimes to the point of bluntness. The way he used the Urdu words was unbelievable. Many a time it so happens that for the Urdu words used by him, other languages don’t have the right words, with required lyricism, to explain his real feelings. Sahir Ludhianvi, who was truly one of the most gifted poets, ever, to have written for Hindi cinema. Known for his cynicism and disillusionment with society, Sahir Ludhianvi wrote lyrics that reflect a great deal of emotional complexity and maturity. In contrast to his contemporaries, Ludhianvi chose to remain unhindered by the constraints set by the Bollywood love song; many of his songs are refreshing to hear for their expression of biting political satire, heartfelt grief, or outspoken anger.

This is the song in which two lovers are caught in the social situation which prevents the two lovers to fulfill their romantic desires and living life together. It is supposedly his real-life situation where he and Amrita Pritam could not stay together though they loved each other. This song is an outpouring of their accidental meeting at a party with her new husband, in Bombay. He was never an idealist hence the first two lines show his pragmatic approach to the situation.

chalo ek baar phir se, ajnabii ban jaaye.n ham dono.n 

Come let us become strangers again!  

na mai.n tumse koii ummiid rakhuu.n dilnavaazii kii 

I shall no longer maintain hopes of compassion from you 

The last four lines are those of a protagonist. He feels that it is counterproductive to pour energy into a relationship that is doomed. His words indicate that sometimes it is good to put an early end to a love story which cannot end in happy circumstances, ever!

taalluq bojh ban jaaye to usko toDnaa achhaa 

Should a relationship become a burden, then it is best to end it.  

voh afsaana jise anjaam tak laanaa na ho mumkin 

For that tale which cannot culminate in a conclusion, 

use ek khuubsuurat moD de kar chhoDna achhaa 

it is best to give it a beautiful turn and leave it be. 

I am sure that is a tough call to bring into practice what Sahir has preached. What Sahir has achieved is one of the best songs he has ever written! The lovers during their love phase and later if that love is broken, are in a highly emotional state. It is quite possible that sanity may be lost in their actions. But Sahir has suggested a very mature way of handling the situation. Let us be strangers again!

The middle stanza of the song is a practical way the poet is suggesting how the love needs to taper off.

na mai.n tumse koii ummiid rakhuu.n dilnavaazii kii 

I shall no longer maintain hopes of compassion from you 

The poet is indicating to his love that he no longer would be compassionate in the relationship nor does he expect his beloved to do so.

na tum merii taraf dekho ghalat andaaz nazaro.n se 

Nor shall you gaze at me with your deceptive glances.  

na mere dil ki dhaDkan laDkhaDaaye merii baato.n me.n 

My heart shall no longer tremble when I speak,  

Poet suggests to his lover that the deceptive and furtive glances will not make his heart to flutter. Nor would his words will reflect feelings of the heart.

na zaahir ho tumhaari kashm-kash ka raaz nazaro.n se 

Nor shall your glances reveal the secret of your torment. 

Over a period, my love, your glances will not display the pain in your eyes!

Friends I am amazed at the way the artists express themselves. Painters’ expressions are seen in the paintings and singer will express through the depth of his voice. These days even cricketers say that they want to go and express themselves. By this, they all mean that they want to show their feelings. But in Sahir’s case,  it is simply amazing that he is able to find the apt expressions and perfectly fitting words. The word Ajanabii just hits the bull’s eye. From lovers to the other extreme, strangers! Somebody may have said, ”Let me walk away” or let us forget each other! But the word Ajnabii hits as if a dagger is plunged inside your heart! How can lovers become strangers in a broken relationship? But that is Sahir for you. Was this song the result of Sahir’s personal experience? Was it the wound to his heart that found the word Ajanabii?

The last line in the poem (ok it’s a song) is also equally impressive.

use ek khuubsuurat moD de kar chhoDna achhaa 

it is best to give it a beautiful turn and leave it be. 

Sahir says now that our relationship is getting over, why not give the situation a beautiful turn, as if he is driving a car and he simply wants to take an unexpected turn on the road which will never come back to his lover. Is it as simple as taking a U-turn? khuubsuurat moD to me is a metaphor where he simply wants to walk out but expresses it as only Sahir can!

Sahir Ludhianvi is the pen name of Abdul Hayee (8 March 1921 – 25 October 1980) who is popularly known as Sahir, was an Indian poet and film lyricist who wrote in the Hindi and Urdu languages. His work influenced Indian cinema, in particular, Bollywood film. Sahir won Filmfare Award for Best Lyricist for Taj Mahal (1963). He won a second Filmfare Award for Best Lyricist for his work on Kabhie Kabhie (1976). He was awarded the Padma Shri in 1971. But lest you forget, his best work was in 1957 Gurudutt film,  Pyaasa! 

सपने मे सजनसे दो बाते! Beloved in my dreams!

Trying to share my feelings about a lovely song!

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KWFDNTBGCro 

I am sharing this song with you as this one is rare and my favourite! This is a Lata Madan combo!

 सपने मे सजनसे दो बाते एक याद रही एक भूल गये,  

सपने मे सजनसे दो बाते 

एक रात मिलनकी आयी थी और उसके बाद जुदाई थी  

गम और ख़ुशी की दो राते  

गम और ख़ुशी की दो राते  एक याद रही एक भूल गये,  

सपने मे सजनसे दो बाते 

 

एक सावन की रुत लायी झुले, दुजी में सजन हम को भुले  

देखी हैं यही दो बारसातें, एक याद रही एक भूल गये  

सपने मे सजनसे दो बाते 

 

एक रोज तुम्हे दिल दे बैठे, फिर रोग बिरह का ले बैठे  

ये प्यार की हैं दो सौगाते, एक याद रही एक भूल गये  

सपने मे सजनसे दो बाते एक याद रही एक भूल गये,  

सपने मे सजनसे दो बाते 

Many  a  times,  I  have heard  people  talking  about  Hindi  Film  songs  in  two  extreme  emotions.  Hindi film songs are  either described in  derogatory manner   or  they  are treated as  gift  from  God.  Likes  and  dislikes  about  songs  is  individual  choice.  So  these  reactions  are  understandable. Recently I have started going into details of understanding of the meaning implied in the songs. Some the lyricists have been legends and the songs they have written are phenomenal. Of course, many times it so happens that the songs are just inserted for TRP, maybe as good as on public demand. Here I am not  writing about this aspect of Hindi film songs. 

This song is from the movie “Gateway Of India” It is a 1957 movie, singer Lata Mangeshkar, Madan Mohan’s music and the lyricist is Rajinder Krishan. Song is picturised on Madhubala. This song is a typical Lata-Madan combination. 

You are swayed by enchanting romance, moods of dejection and a feel of refinement when you listen to any of the songs by these greats. Both had a great chemistry together, which helped them highlight the female protagonist of Hindi movies through some soothing Ghazals.. 

The wordings of this song are very simple, with no fancy words, no Urdu jaban, but the song  talks beautifully about life’s philosophy. सपने मे सजनसे दो बाते  is  the  refrain from the song and has been used beautifully. (Refrains are the lines repeated in a song) This song talks of the expression of thoughts by the lover about her beloved, in her dreams. This thought itself gives mystical dimension to the song. The lover is saying that, ” I  spoke  with my  beloved  about  two  things  but  I  remember  only one  but  I  forgot  the  other.”  She  is so involved  in  her  love  that  has  become  forgetful. The  night  they met was  followed  by  separation.  This  is  typically  sadness  followed  by  joy  in  our  life.  Come  to  think  of  it,  if  only  joy  or  sadness  existed  in  our  life,  we  won’t  really  feel  the  other.  Joy  exists  because  there  is  sadness,  sorrow!  What  we  need  in  life  is  change.  What  state  we  are  in  and  what  events  will  happen  in  our  life  is  destiny  and  we  can  not  control  it. This interchange of joy and sorrow brings back our sanity.

In  the  next  stanza  the  lyricist  takes  this  to  a  new  height. In  the  hindu  month  of  Shravan  there  is  tradition  to  tie  swings  to  the  trees  to enjoy  the  arrival  of  rains. The  rains  also  help  us  in  our  fields  and  brings  water  to  the  drying  rivers.  The  first  smell  of  the  rain  drops  falling  on  the  heated  soil  is  the  same  joy  that  we  all  feel.  But  as  the usual cycle  is,  joy is  to  be  followed  by  sorrow! With second shower my beloved has forgotten me! Cycle of joy and sorrow continues.  It follows the same pattern of feeling of joy and forgetting sorrow.  

The lover finally says, my beloved I gave you my heart on a platter with joy but I never knew that I will be caught in the sorrow of separation. It was my joy to give you heart my beloved but never knew that separation will be like a disease. These contrasting feelings are part of our life but get highlighted between lovers as the emotions are very high. 

The sorrow of separation and joy of togetherness has been beautifully used to explain our life. This can be between mother and child, two friends, or your separation with your pets! In any relationship this is bound to happen. Rajinder Kishan has given this superb song in which is very simple but at the same time full of meaning.  

This song is rarely heard on radio/tv and I was lucky to see Lata sing this song live, in late 70’s on DD Srinagar. I was simply struck by the simplicity and beauty of this song. I had to wait for the advent of internet  to get this song. Who am I to talk of the virtuoso duo of Lata and Madan? They are legends and they give us joy. The joy they give us, helps us overcome different sorrows that come in our lives. There are many such combinations like Lata/Madan in our Hindi movies. Hope I am able to share a few more combinations with beautiful and meaningful songs with you.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             

                                                                                     

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           

                                                                                     

Shashi Kapoor! The British Punjabi!

Shashi Kapoor the sophisticated odd man out from film industry!

 

 

 

Shashi3Balbir Prithviraj Kapoor aka Shashi Kapoor was born in THE Kapoor clan which had greats like his father Prithviraj, brothers Raj and Shammi. The father had a towering personality both physically and by reputation! Raj Kapoor proved to be the showman par excellence and proved his mettle through his career. Shammi was Shammi who was years ahead of time, his flamboyance was ahead of many international stars! To shine amongst such personalities in the family is what shows how Shashi Kapoor was different! Shashi Kapoor was the debonair, handsome person with a personality not matching the film industry. In those days the filmy guys hardly completed school but Shashi had picked elegance, sophistication and elan to match the international stars.

Since Shashi Kapoor was a film personality, I am pushing videos of a couple of songs from his movies, though they are irrelevant, as is done in any movie!

Here is one song from the movie Jab Jab Phool Khile!

Shashi as a human being was people’s person. I had an opportunity to see him from about 10 feet distance a couple of times; once during the shooting of the film Chor Machaye Shor and another time when he was the chief guest for musical competition in Pune while I was in college. Both the times he never appeared to have airs of the film hero that he was! He appeared to be easily chatting and doing gapshap with people around.

I have seen Devanand, Waheeda Rehman, Anil Kapoor, Madhuri Dixit, Sanjay Dutt and Rakesh Roshan from close quarters. But the smartness and elegance Shashi displayed probably only Waheeda came near to him! My friend and actor Dr. Mohan Agashe said, “The films did not and could not really capture the real handsome that Shashi Kapoor was!” I am sure that when you see or meet someone in person energy oozes out of some persons. If a person is really a good person, there is some aura created; especially in case Shashi this happened as he was very good looking too! The slightly crooked teeth he had added to his personality!

In the decade of 40’s and 50’s the film actors did not have much education nor did they get opportunities for education. In spite of that Shashi had great sophistication and was a natural. Especially in foreign locale, his savoir faire (the ability to act or speak appropriately in social situations) was to be seen to be believed. According his costar Simi Garewal, she was always astonished to see Shashi at great ease in foreign countries. She has shared one story. They were in Italy in a restaurant for dinner. One lady saw them; she just left her husband in his seat and ran towards Shashi. It was a very embarrassing situation as husband came and there was a big shouting match between husband and wife. Shashi somehow was all sophistication personified and resolved the issue very smoothly. Still the wife gave him a flying kiss while going away! Shashi just chuckled!

One song from his movie Pyar Kiye Ja!

Shashi married Jennifer Kendal and she became his life’s anchor! They had a great marriage and had three children. Jennifer’s father and Jennifer were from Shakespeare drama school and Shashi could do things to his liking in their company. He did some of his semi art movies 36 Chauranghi Lane, Siddharth, Junoon during that phase. None of them of course made much money. He started Prithvi theater which he thought was his life’s greatest achievement.

To make money he worked in typical Hindi films. He had a great partnership and camaraderie with Amitabh Bacchan. They did so many movies together that it was jokingly said that Amitabh had Shashi’s power of attorney with him! मेरे पास मेरी  मा  है! This is the famous dialogue by Shashi from the movie Deewar! In commercial films this was during Shashi’s peak.  He did many films, danced and sang many songs but I am not sure that his heart was really in it! This is the commercial reality of his life. He looked a bit awkward while dancing and running around the trees.

Shashi also had humane side which was not known to many. Journalist Khalid Mohmad has shared a few gems. He would go for breakfast to Shashi’s home, a typical British Breakfast courtesy Jennifer! Shashi made sure that guests preferences were perfectly managed, and bacon was never included! Khalid in his initial phase would be short of funds like everyone else. Shashi brought him a box full of socks from Harrods on his next trip to London! Shashi’s driver’s daughter got married in Nashik; due to prior shooting commitments Shashi could not attend it. Shashi arranged a reception for the married couple in Mumbai later at a suitable date!

What will Shashi Kapoor be remembered for? His handsome looks, his sophistication, his humane nature? Or he will be remembered for his bright smile, fresh face? Or his persistence in running Prithvi theatre? Only time will tell!

Adios Shashi, my friend! (Somehow, I always felt that he was a friend) I know you lost the zeal to live life after Jennifer died; she was your anchor and maybe you felt rudderless! Now that you two are joined together again, show HIM the Shakespeare walla! One question you never answered. Were your British or you were a Punjabi?

Let me say al vida to you with a heavy heart and moist eyes!

Shashi2

 

 

Movies, a complex Passion!

I try to take advantage of international flights by watching old time classic movies. Sometime back I had watched “Casablanca”. It was a Humphrey Bogart and Ingrid Bergman movie made in 1942! Recently I watched “Vertigo” by the Alfred Hitchcock produced in 1958 with James Stewart and Kim Novak. This movie had a special fascination for me along with North by Northwest! In my childhood I lived behind Metro Theater in Mumbai and used to hear some discussion by my elder brother Shrikant about such movies but naturally never understood anything. My favourite movies in those days were of course “Tom & Jerry Cartoons” and “Seven brides for seven bothers”.

JamesStewart2KImNovack2Vertigo Kim Novak 19581

After coming home, I was checking details about Vertigo and realized that movie did not fare so well, commercially, at least initially. This reminded me of my one of the all-time favourite Hindi movies, Teesari Kasam (1966), (Third Vow) Raj Kapoor and Waheeda Rehman starrer!. (There is one more all-time favourite that is “Guide”; it is not a coincidence that both movies have Waheeda as the lead actress!) Teesari Kasam also did not fare well in the initial showing. In fact initially it did so badly that its producer Shailendra died due to shock. Later on it did fairly well at the box office and went on winning accolades for the movie. Raj Kapoor and Waheeda’s performances were highly appreciated. In case of Vertigo too the movie got accolades later and is known to be within top movies made by Hitchcock.

HiramanWaheeda1

I also liked the plot and story of both the movies which I want to share with you. For Vertigo it was a plot with finesse and for Tessari Kasam it was a simple story! Movie making is a passion. People have known to have lost all their money making a particular movie but it never stopped them from making that particular movie. Many of these people had taken huge loans against their only assets at that time, their homes. Wrong fall of dice would have wiped them out but passion has no bounds! Raj Kapoor’s Mera Naam Joker was his passion; but it bombed at the initial showing. He was almost on the verge of bankruptcy.

As movies these two are in different genre. Teesari Kasam is movie based on story in Bihar hinterland with rustic village surroundings.   Vertigo is a Hitchcock suspense movie based in San Francisco. Both the movies hold our attention till end.

In Teesari Kasam, Hiraman a bullock cart driver, has taken two Vows (Kasam in Hindi hence the name Teesari Kasam). He is once caught carrying illegal goods in the cart hence takes first vow, never to carry illegal goods ever! Then he ferried bamboos once to timber market. The load upset the horses of two gentlemen on the road. They beat him badly. So he takes his second vow never to carry bamboos in the cart.

In Vertigo, in the first sequence, James Stewart, as detective Scotty Fergusson, loses a colleague in a roof top chase due to fear of heights or vertigo! He tries to overcome this fear later in many ways, unsuccessfully. So he retires from Police force. His ex-fiancé and friend tells him that only similar experience will help him overcome the fear. An acquaintance of his, Gavin Elster, hires Scotty to help him find about awkward behavior his wife Madeleine (Kim Novak) and claiming that she is in some sort of danger. Scotty agrees reluctantly.

In Tessari Kasam Hiraman is asked to carry a Nautanki dancer, Hirabai, to another village. On the way Hiraman sings songs to pass time and tells Hirabai story of legend Mahua. Hirabai is mesmerized by innocence and simplicity of Hirman. Hiraman thinks Hirabai is an angel of purity. On reaching destination, Hirabai arranges free passes for Hiraman, then he joins the group of cart drivers. As days pass bond between them becomes strong.

In Vertigo Scotty follows Madeleine to various places and finds different mysterious patterns. She buys a specific bouquet and goes to a hundred year old grave of a lady Carlotta. Then she goes to a museum and sits in front of portrait of Carlotta. In another sequence she mysteriously goes to a hotel; when Scotty follows her, he can’t find her! Mystery grows. Then Madeleine jumps of in San Francisco bay and Scotty saves her. One thing leads to another and they fall in love. One day he takes her to Carlotta’s 100 year old mission home to see if he can find any connection. Madeleine suddenly rushes up the stairs in the church tower; because of acrophobia, Scotty does not follow her and she jumps to death through a window. Death is declared as suicide. Scotty goes into depression. But was it suicide, of course not! Hitchcock style comes into play. Judie a girl from Kansas, same in looks as Madeleine, comes into picture. Scotty sees her after he is released from the sanatorium. He meets Judie and  requests her to join him for dinner. Later on they keep on meeting. At one stage Judie writes a letter to Scotty explaining the deceit in which she had taken part, to earn money from Elster; Elster wanted to murder his wife with the help of Judie! She tears it off the letter as she has started loving Scotty.

In Tessari Kasam Hiraman is shocked when he watches Nautanki; people at the theatre treat Hirabai as a prostitute. Hiraman fights with others over Hirabai; she tries to make him understand reality of life. He tells her to leave this life but she refuses and explains to him her life’s secret. Hiraman is frustrated and leaves the village. This time he takes the Teesari Kasam or third Vow “Never to carry any dancer from Nautanki Company in his cart, ever! Wow, what a simpleton, what naivety! But still a captivating film with beautiful songs and Nautanki type of dances by Waheeda! 

In Vertigo Scotty has not forgotten Madeleine and forces Judie to wear same clothes as were worn by Madeleine. He changes her hair style to be same as that of Madeleine. Now viewer cannot make out the difference between Judie and Madeleine! Naturally it’s a double role played by vivacious Kim Novak! Pendant worn by Judie is the same which was adorned by Madeleine when she died! Detective in Scotty overcomes lover in Scotty! He starts thinking what could this be? His final aim is to overcome his vertigo problem with help of his Love! He takes her to the same church and wants to climb the tower. Judie becomes jittery as she feels that the truth regarding murder will come out! They reach the top of the tower and Scotty has overcome his vertigo; though he is doubtful about Judie, he still loves her and embraces her! Suddenly the trap door opens up and a Nun comes out! Judie is scared and takes a few steps back and falls through the same window to death.

Wow, what breath-taking suspense! Typical Hitchcock movie!

What was the mystery? Elster with the help of Judie creates a fictitious story about Madeleine behaving in a different way. When Scotty is following Madeleine, he is actually following Judie dressed as Madeleine! When Judie runs to the top of tower, Estel is already there with real Madeleine and the moment Judie reaches them, Estel throws Madeleine from the Window! Scotty of course cannot reach that height because of vertigo and gets deceived!

Friends I have written this blog in different genre and hope that you guys appreciate the novelty that I am trying to bring out! Cheers!